Statement by H.E. Mr. Vladimir Drobnjak Permanent Representative of the Republic of Croatia at the Security Council Debate on Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts: International cooperation on Combating Terrorism and Violent Extremism
New York, 19 November 2014
At the outset, please allow me to extend my sincere congratulations to your Excellency on the occasion of assuming the presidency of the Security Council for the month of November.
Croatia aligns itself with the statement of the EU but I would like to add several remarks in my national capacity.
Croatia welcomes the Council’s strong focus on resolutely dealing with the ever increasing threat of terrorism and violent extremism. It is obvious that no one is left safe from this peril and that we need unified action to be efficient. In this regard we would like to see a regular sharing of best practices, especially in terms of the implementation of the two recent and crucial Council’s resolutions (2170 and 2178), by the UN system as a whole and Member States alike.
It is our strong belief that the United Nations needs to play a central role in the global counterterrorism efforts. At the same time, UN possesses a variety of strong tools that can be used to tackle the issue, be it from the suppressive or preventive angle.
However, there seems to be quite enough of a relatively untapped potential when it comes to dealing with conditions conducive to the development and spreading of violent extremism and radicalization that may lead to terrorism.
Decisive law-enforcement measures, accompanied even with the brute military force, are necessary part of the suppression and containment of terrorism. However, a growing number of foreign terrorist fighters shows us that the threat of prison or the loss of life may not be sufficient deterrents for future terrorists.
For this we cannot afford ourselves to deal with terrorism sensu stricto in a “security bubble”, unrelated to other major aspects of human existence such as those we are about to start negotiating within the Post-2015 development agenda. Although nothing can excuse or justify acts of violent extremism and in particular terrorism, there is an obvious need for an integrated approach that would incorporate political, social, economic, and environmental and security aspects altogether.
By tackling the issues such as, inter alia, political and social discriminations, exclusions and marginalization, we are certainly consequently also making the ground less fertile for further recruitment of new terrorists. By spreading and nurturing the education, knowledge, mutual tolerance, interfaith and intercultural understanding and respect among peoples, we can cause a significant blow to the misleading narratives and ideologies of violent extremism and terrorism.
When it comes to the scope of mandate of the Security Council, this potential can be realized in the field of incorporating the counterterrorism programmes within the peacekeeping operations and peacebuilding activities. We are witnessing the relentless spread of terrorist influence and action in particular in those areas that have suffered dire consequences of armed conflicts. Terrorists thrive in the absence of efficient and legitimately constituted Governments, the lack of good governance and the rule of law, in ungoverned spaces of prolonged unresolved conflicts where human rights, fundamental freedoms and democracy are at risk the most.
With this in mind we support the call for mainstreaming counterterrorism programmes throughout the UN agenda, both traditionally security and non-security related. Notwithstanding all the significant results already achieved in this regard, we share the opinion of a need to ensure greater cooperation, coordination and coherence both within the UN system as well as with the important work conducted by other regional and sub-regional organizations, including by developing conventions and protocols against terrorism.
Finally, we need to keep in mind that the civil society, private sector, religious bodies and the media also have an important role to play in promoting tolerance and respect for religious and cultural diversity. The role of states is to find a way to effectively engage and empower them for this cause. In a today’s globalized society this is of special relevance concerning the necessary outreach to, most notably, young generations that are distinctively vulnerable to a deceptive extremist and terrorist propaganda on the Internet.
In conclusion, allow me to assure you that Croatia is firmly committed to the goal of preventing and suppressing terrorism in all its forms and manifestations on the national, regional and global level. In this, we are also guided with the principles and values that are set out in the Charter, the UN Global Counterterrorism Strategy and relevant international legal instruments.
Thank you Mr. President.